Side Impact

History of Side Impact Dummies

Humanetics history with the side impact dummy goes back to the early 1980’s. Humanetics participated in proposed design modifications to the Hybrid II to make it have uniform responses from both sides in the head, chest, and pelvis. When NHTSA contracted Calspan, Corp. to make major modifications to the thorax and rib cage Humanetics produced the dummies which were written into the Federal Code in their final form in 1994. The EuroSID was developed in Europe after the effort in the United States. The EuroSID-1 was the first version for application in Regulation R95 and was also used in the first phases of Euro NCAP. The dummy was upgraded to the version of ES-2 in the early years of 2000 and is now applied in Regulation R95 and in the Euro NCAP Mobile Deformable Barrier Test and the Car to Pole test. A third version, the ES-2re (Rib Extensions), is being considered for inclusion in the U.S. Federal Code of Regulations. All dummy version available at Humanetics. The WorldSID 50th percentile Male dummy was developed by the WorldSID Task Group that was initiated in 1997. The first prototype was assembled in 2000. The Humanetics companies FTSS and Denton were part of the design team and were heavily involved in its development. In order to bridge the gap between the adult and the child the SID-IIs dummy was developed in the same period. It is in the U.S. Federal Code.

Side Impact Dummies in the US Code of Federal Regulations

The Side Impact Dummy SA-SID-M001 is mandated in the U.S. Federal Code of Regulations in Title 49CFR “Transportation” Part 572 Subpart F. The EuroSID dummy ES-IIre is in 49CFR “Transportation” Part 572 Subpart U. The SID-IIs dummy is in “Transportation” Part 572 Subpart V. The SID-H3 is in 49CFR “Transportation” Part 572 Subpart M.

Future of Side Impact Dummies

It is possible that in the future an omni-directional dummy may be developed combining the features of frontal and side impact dummies. This task has not been started due to the difficulties seen in making this type of dummy repeatable and reliable. It may come about due to testing requirements in oblique impacts combining

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